LLDB

Wednesday, 5 September 2018

LLDB

In Xcode use LLDB debugger command for debug application.
For example app is running and you want to print some variable value at run time then use po command.
There are multiple commands are available in Xcode.
If you need to type help in debug area you can show list of command for lldb

(lldb) help
Debugger commands:
  apropos           -- List debugger commands related to a word or subject.
  breakpoint        -- Commands for operating on breakpoints (see 'help b' for
                       shorthand.)
  bugreport         -- Commands for creating domain-specific bug reports.
  command           -- Commands for managing custom LLDB commands.
  disassemble       -- Disassemble specified instructions in the current
                       target.  Defaults to the current function for the
                       current thread and stack frame.
  expression        -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays
                       any returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  frame             -- Commands for selecting and examing the current thread's
                       stack frames.
  gdb-remote        -- Connect to a process via remote GDB server.  If no host
                       is specifed, localhost is assumed.
  gui               -- Switch into the curses based GUI mode.
  help              -- Show a list of all debugger commands, or give details
                       about a specific command.
  kdp-remote        -- Connect to a process via remote KDP server.  If no UDP
                       port is specified, port 41139 is assumed.
  language          -- Commands specific to a source language.
  log               -- Commands controlling LLDB internal logging.
  memory            -- Commands for operating on memory in the current target
                       process.
  platform          -- Commands to manage and create platforms.
  plugin            -- Commands for managing LLDB plugins.
  process           -- Commands for interacting with processes on the current
                       platform.
  quit              -- Quit the LLDB debugger.
  register          -- Commands to access registers for the current thread and
                       stack frame.
  script            -- Invoke the script interpreter with provided code and
                       display any results.  Start the interactive interpreter
                       if no code is supplied.
  settings          -- Commands for managing LLDB settings.
  source            -- Commands for examining source code described by debug
                       information for the current target process.
  target            -- Commands for operating on debugger targets.
  thread            -- Commands for operating on one or more threads in the
                       current process.
  type              -- Commands for operating on the type system.
  version           -- Show the LLDB debugger version.
  watchpoint        -- Commands for operating on watchpoints.
Current command abbreviations (type 'help command alias' for more info):
  add-dsym  -- Add a debug symbol file to one of the target's current modules
               by specifying a path to a debug symbols file, or using the
               options to specify a module to download symbols for.
  attach    -- Attach to process by ID or name.
  b         -- Set a breakpoint using one of several shorthand formats.
  bt        -- Show the current thread's call stack.  Any numeric argument
               displays at most that many frames.  The argument 'all' displays
               all threads.
  c         -- Continue execution of all threads in the current process.
  call      -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  continue  -- Continue execution of all threads in the current process.
  detach    -- Detach from the current target process.
  di        -- Disassemble specified instructions in the current target. 
               Defaults to the current function for the current thread and
               stack frame.
  dis       -- Disassemble specified instructions in the current target. 
               Defaults to the current function for the current thread and
               stack frame.
  display   -- Evaluate an expression at every stop (see 'help target
               stop-hook'.)
  down      -- Select a newer stack frame.  Defaults to moving one frame, a
               numeric argument can specify an arbitrary number.
  env       -- Shorthand for viewing and setting environment variables.
  exit      -- Quit the LLDB debugger.
  f         -- Select the current stack frame by index from within the current
               thread (see 'thread backtrace'.)
  file      -- Create a target using the argument as the main executable.
  finish    -- Finish executing the current stack frame and stop after
               returning.  Defaults to current thread unless specified.
  image     -- Commands for accessing information for one or more target
               modules.
  j         -- Set the program counter to a new address.
  jump      -- Set the program counter to a new address.
  kill      -- Terminate the current target process.
  l         -- List relevant source code using one of several shorthand formats.
  list      -- List relevant source code using one of several shorthand formats.
  n         -- Source level single step, stepping over calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  next      -- Source level single step, stepping over calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  nexti     -- Instruction level single step, stepping over calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  ni        -- Instruction level single step, stepping over calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  p         -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  parray    -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  po        -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with formatting controlled by the type's author.
  poarray   -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  print     -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  q         -- Quit the LLDB debugger.
  r         -- Launch the executable in the debugger.
  rbreak    -- Sets a breakpoint or set of breakpoints in the executable.
  repl      -- Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any
               returned value with LLDB's default formatting.
  run       -- Launch the executable in the debugger.
  s         -- Source level single step, stepping into calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  si        -- Instruction level single step, stepping into calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  sif       -- Step through the current block, stopping if you step directly
               into a function whose name matches the TargetFunctionName.
  step      -- Source level single step, stepping into calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  stepi     -- Instruction level single step, stepping into calls.  Defaults to
               current thread unless specified.
  t         -- Change the currently selected thread.
  tbreak    -- Set a one-shot breakpoint using one of several shorthand
               formats.
  undisplay -- Stop displaying expression at every stop (specified by stop-hook
               index.)
  up        -- Select an older stack frame.  Defaults to moving one frame, a
               numeric argument can specify an arbitrary number.
  x         -- Read from the memory of the current target process.

For more information on any command, type 'help <command-name>'.

If you get info about perticuler command then type

(lldb) help po
     Evaluate an expression on the current thread.  Displays any returned value
     with formatting controlled by the type's author.  Expects 'raw' input (see
     'help raw-input'.)

Syntax: 

Command Options Usage:
  po <expr>


'po' is an abbreviation for 'expression -O  --'


LLDB is also use-full in edit debug point to evaluate condition or execute any above lldb command.



Watch my video for live demo of some lldb commands


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Thank you.

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